Common Lexeme


Keywords: emotions, military, fighting

Pronunciation (IPA): 'am.buʃ 
Part of Speech: term noun verb 
Class: skurun 
Forms: ampux, ampuxys, ampuxkas, ampuxysyn 
Glosses: ambush, blindside, blindsided, jump, surprise, surprised, unexpected, treacherous, treachery, sneaky 


The term 'ampux' was borrowed from the English 'ambush' during the middle period and initially meant to attack from hiding. It maintains these connotations, but has ameliorated somewhat and can be used like ropúwaj to just means an ordinary surprise without sinister connotations. However, it retains an element of danger and intentionality from its origins and is often used to convey a strong sense than ropúwaj.


As a noun, 'ampux' refers literally to an attach from hiding, or figuratively to a more benign surprise, the latter meaning having arising more recently. Unlike ropúwaj, it can't really serve as a word for present or gift. The abstract form ampuxysyn is used as a word for treachery.


As a verb, 'ampux' is a transitive skurun verb which takes an ergative attacker, ambusher or surpriser, and an absolutive party surprised or attacked. The antipassive pali form means to be surprising (the thing surprised can be added introduced with the null preposition), and can occasionally have the typical reflexive sense of the Common antipassive.


As a modifier, 'ambuxys' means surprising, sneaky or treacherous - the connotations have ameliorated over time, but it si still a strong word. The 'ampuxkas' form means 'surprised' or 'blindsided'.

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