Common Lexeme


Keywords: mechanics, technology, astronomy, geometry

Pronunciation (IPA): 'ro.da 
Part of Speech: term noun verb 
Class: pali 
Forms: rota, rotas, rotasyn, rotaka, rotakas, rotakasyn, rotakija 
Glosses: wheel, rotate, rotation, hub, revolve, revolution, satellite, axle 


The term 'rota' is popularly believed to be a loanword from English or romance languages due to its similarity to the word 'rotate', but it is actually an attested Old Common word that either coincidentally or intentionally resembles a familiar word. It forms the base of many words having to do with physical wheels, and rotation and revolution, which it somewhat conflates. The base meaning is a physicla wheel, and in thinking about 'rota', it is helpful to imagine Common speakers saying something like, 'The Earth wheels around its axis' or, 'The Earth wheels around the sun'.


As a noun, 'rota' refers to a physical wheel. The derived form 'rotaka' is mainly used as a generic word for any type of satellite. 'rotassyn' idiomatically refers to rotation as a concept, and 'rotakasyn' refers to revolution around a point. The derived from 'rotakija', from the benefactive noxaj form of the verb, is a word for hub and sometimes axle.


The base verbal form is an intransitive pali verb meaning to rotate. A thing rotated around like an axis around can be introduced with 'awjok', but this usually isn't necessary as a rotating object is in a sense moving around itself. There is a very commonly used benefactive noxaj form with the sense of 'revolve' for which the absolutive object if the thing revolving around something else, and the dative indirect object is the thing revolved around, like, 'A onpa nox rota ija eon' - 'The Earth revolves around the sun'. No preposition is needed.


The derived modifier form 'rotas' has the sense of ;'rotating' and the form 'rotakas' has the sense of 'revolving.

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